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Vitamin D3 A Sick Budgie Breakthrough And Updates

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Vitamin D: A Sick Budgie Breakthrough



The world’s most popular pet is the Australian budgerigar. It’s kept in captivity more than any other pet but unfortunately they can become sick & eventually die.


There has been a major breakthrough which has shown that Vitamin D3 via sunlight eliminates these problems.


Don Burke’s article about these breakthroughs are below:




For many years budgie breeders have had awful disease problems. Many breeders have encountered disease outbreaks that almost destroyed their whole flock. Many times, even in ‘Budgerigar World’, you hear of breeders despairing and reluctant to continue breeding our precious little birds. The list of diseases and problems is truly awful:



Viral diseases that cause feather loss in adult birds (flightless and tailless wonders) and French moult.

A debilitating disease first called megabacteria but which now is avian gastric yeast.

Chronic runny noses and sneezing

Constantly infected eyes

Rampant infertility


On top of that, many birds just never seem well. Many sit on the aviary floor all day. The list goes on and on.


You hear from many excellent breeders that antibiotics and general bird medicines are of little help. Many say that taking your birds to the vet is a waste of time and money.


I have written previously that auctions, and shows like the Nationals in Australia are partly to blame. Intimately mixing birds from many breeders from all over the country (and the world) spreads diseases at an incredibly fast rate. Perhaps too fast for the immune systems of budgies to cope.


Nonetheless, the disease rate seems preposterous. When I started breeding budgies in the 1950s diseases were never a problem of this scale. Clearly something is seriously wrong – some new thing has happened. Time and time again I looked at my birds as they too declined into a crevasse of morbidity. My average dropped from five chicks per nest to less than one.


Yet I had a wonderful set of bird rooms and aviaries. People call it the Budgie Hilton. The aviaries were super clean (not dirty as they used to be) and very dry to prevent disease spread. The general care was meticulous and the feeding was excellent.


Yet still they died or failed to reproduce. What had I done wrong? The diseases also produced eggbinding and I lost quite a few hens. I attributed this to the fact that many of my birds were over-weight. Yet I couldn’t get them to lose weight, even if I fed them on just a basic diet of Hungarian millet and water.


By now many of you must be saying, yeah, I’ve got (or have had) that problem. Well, about a year ago I read some extraordinary new research on Vitamin D3. I had always assumed that D3 helped Calcium absorption for bones and eggs, and did little else.


The extensive new research done on humans is breathtaking in its revelations and their possible relevance to budgies. Vitamin D3 does a lot more than build bones, it is a powerful anticancer agent and it regulates the immune system. Low Vitamin D3 levels in humans have been linked to many serious illnesses: various infectious diseases, cancers (such as breast and prostate) and autoimmune conditions. Identical twin studies showed that increased sun exposure as children can reduce the chance of developing Multiple Sclerosis by up to 57%. The same applies to autoimmune diabetes, Crohn’s Disease and tuberculosis.


New research has also confirmed that, in humans, vitamin D3 deficiency has been linked to infertility in women and poor quality sperm and lower fertility in men. This is exactly what we have seen in budgies.


Vitamin D3 is actually not a vitamin at all since we make it ourselves (as do birds) and it acts more like a hormone: that is a messenger chemical that controls various functions. It controls well over 1,000 genes in the human body.


In humans, ultraviolet B light (which is part of normal sunlight) acts on oil on your skin and turns it into Vitamin D3, which is then re-absorbed. In budgies oil is taken from the preen gland at the base of the tail during preening and is spread all over the feathers. This is turned into Vitamin D3 by sunlight and the birds consume it later on during further preening. This is essential for the budgies’ health.


Here’s the rub though: ultraviolet B light (UVB) does not travel through glass or clear plastic or fibreglass. Sunlight in general goes through, but not UVB light. So today’s modern aviaries and bird rooms are death traps for birds since little or no UVB light reaches the budgies themselves.


It gets worse. Even “full spectrum” fluorescent lights lack UVB light. They produce the wrong sort of UV light, that is UVA. While certain foods contain Vitamin D3 such as cod liver oil, this is a messy and dangerous supplement that does far too little to help. It may assist in safe egg laying and other calcium issues, but not much more.


So I decided twelve months ago to try some experiments. My birds had sadly ceased breeding in their fully enclosed aviaries with glass or clear fibreglass roofs and windows.


I removed all of my glass windows and doors. I also removed all of the clear fibreglass roofing.

I installed reptile versions of full spectrum lights which had a fair amount of UVB emissions (timed to come on when I was absent).

I approached a local bird medications company (Vetafarm) in Australia to create a new supplement which was high in Vitamin D3 and which could be added to the birds’ water. In this, I am indebted to avian veterinarian Dr. Tony Gestier of Vetafarm.

It’s now a year later. The results are spectacular. Although I have discontinued all the fiddly food supplements and all bird medicines, my birds have leapt back to health. Eggbinding is now down to zero. Most pairs have around four chicks per nest. The chicks are huge, often bigger than their parents. Some pairs have seven babies per nest.


Some previously infertile birds are now fertile again. Some incapacitated birds are managing to breed five babies in a nest. Many older birds (over 4 years) are healthier but have not hatched babies. But they are at least laying eggs.


I have no sick birds and have only had two sick birds (out of 350) in the last six months: both recovered and have babies. Several died of old age (over six years old).


The worst part was that, for six months after I started to feed them the supplement, nothing happened. It took around seven months to start to work. Many of my best birds seem beyond help, but the younger ones are rallying.


My aviaries get rain in them now. They smell a bit (like they used to before the clear roofing - but my breeding successes were huge then). The aviaries are windy too and my birds get wet. And I couldn’t care less. I have babies again and no sick birds. I have huge clearwing babies that are as big as normals.


My research was done in Sydney, Australia. The vitamin supplement is added to the water - it is now released as Vetafarm Soluvite D Breeder. It contains 2,500,000 IU of Vitamin D3 – twice previous levels. I put it in their water all the time.


The lights I use are called Sylvania Reptistar. These need replacing every six months to maintain UVB output.


I feed the following:

Seed - 95% Hungarian millet and 5% plain canary

Other – fresh corn on the cob, silverbeet and carrot daily

Shellgrit and cuttlebone

Nothing else



It now seems that the budgerigar diseases that have crippled our breeding for years have been caused by badly-designed aviaries that exclude UVB light which in turn causes a deficiency in Vitamin D3. This compromises the birds’ immune systems which leads to severe and constant disease problems. Viral feather diseases go unchecked, avian gastric yeast (normal in birds’ tummies) goes feral and slowly kills birds and most other common diseases get out of hand. Fertility plummets and general budgerigar vigour collapses. When significant increases in Vitamin D3 are introduced, the problems begin to recede. Improvements are slow, but perhaps in one or two generations the younger generations will be fully healthy again. Even infected eyes have largely cleared up and no babies have this problem like they used to. I have no new cases of feather loss of any sort. A few old flightless birds can fly again (but not many). Obviously budgerigar aviaries or bird rooms which are open to direct sunlight will produce far healthier birds.


It also seems apparent that the older vitamin supplements fed to birds simply don’t contain anywhere near enough Vitamin D3. Hopefully, the new one is far better.


For those wishing to read further on Vitamin D3, check out the November, 2007 issue of Scientific American pages 36 – 44. To read the entire article go to www.sciam.com & search for cell defenses and the sunshine vitamin.




Copyright CTC Productions 2009




additional article supplied today by Don Burke with thanks

Don Burke



Kevin Nesbitt mentioned that he had poor breeding results in recent months. I sent in a rough scenario on Vitamin D deficiency. Then a flurry of other emails came in and it became clear that I had done a poor job at explaining the new science. So, Take Two!


A bird’s immune system is vastly more important and powerful in maintaining its good health and fertility than all of the antibiotics ever invented put together…But they are not alternatives. With a healthy immune system, which is underpinned by Vitamin D, you have a sturdy platform to build success on. You can still use antibiotics as you think fit, but you should need them less often.


In an enclosed aviary or bird room, budgies often get little or no UVB light. UVB light does not travel through glass, clear plastic or fibreglass. It must shine directly onto your birds. With no UVB light a bird’s immune system is massively impaired. Vitamin D3 is made by the birds when sunlight (which has UVB light in it)hits their skin and feathers. And Vitamin D3 is not a vitamin at all: it is the hormone that drives the entire immune system of birds and mammals. No D3 means that a bird is very vulnerable to infections and many also have very low fertility. This is rock solid science.


It’s true that many factors affect fertility:


Overweight birds have low fertility due to fat deposits around their (internal) sex organs.


Weather also plays a part. Budgies respond to day length, humidity, rain and temperature. However in a wet year they tend to breed more. This year’s temperature fluctuation may affect breeding success, but my aviaries are fully open to rain, wind and sun, and my figures for gold rung chicks so far is 192 chicks from 32 cabinets. (I own 52 but twenty are not in use at the moment.) Overall last calendar year I bred around 400 chicks (including purple and gold rung babies)


Inbreeding can affect fertility. In some strains it does little harm, in others it all but destroys fertility. There are some excellent bits of scientific research to prove this.


A year-round plan for breeding and nesting cycles does help.


Pairing up: * selecting randy birds that are very fit and active does work, or


* selecting pairs that select each other in the aviaries does work also.


But 1 to 5 above are all things that you should do as well as getting the Vitamin D3 levels up to scratch. To repeat:


It is vastly easier to get bird’s immune system up and running to avoid catching diseases, than it is to cure diseases once the bird has caught them.


I’ll go further. From a recent auction, feedback from industry sources is that around 30 of the auctioned birds died soon after purchase, despite the fact that they were all very healthy on the day of the auction.


The breeder’s aviaries were largely enclosed with very little sunlight striking the birds. In the home aviary, with impeccable care, the birds did okay. But as soon as they went to newer aviaries with new diseases, the reports are that many of the birds died. If all of this feedback is true, the weakened immune systems of the birds represented a ticking time bomb: expose the birds to new diseases and watch them die.


Lastly, modern aviaries for exhibition birds are often quite literally death traps. Fully enclosed aviaries all but destroy immune systems. The older details from scientists and vets on Vitamin D3 are hopelessly out of date. D3 does vastly more than help calcium uptake: it runs the birds’ immune systems. The older recommended dose rates are hopelessly inadequate. Hence the problems with modern show budgies.


Soluvite D Breeder is my own concept with double the old levels of Vitamin D3. I arranged for Vetafarm to produce and sell it. This is mentioned only so that I can state that I gave them both the new research and the new level of D3, but I derive no income from this or any of their products.


You should also use Sylvania Repistar fluorescent lights in the bird room as well. You need to change them every 5 months or so as the UVB light output is not long lasting.


…But still use all of the other things that currently work for you. Consider this though: overly frequent use of antibiotics causes the diseases to become resistant to the antibiotic, yet constant use of Vitamin D3 merely keeps the immune system going and working (no resistance build up). Also, ignore the silly arguments that over-dosing Vitamin D3 will poison your birds. The truth is that over dosing (i.e. too high a dose) of any product (e.g. antibiotics) will poison your birds. This is not just a problem with Vitamin D3, it is a normal state of affairs.


So relax, the levels of Vitamin D3 in Soluvite D Breeder (used as per the label) are quite safe for your birds. For the record, in the development process, I tested the product on some of my culls at up to three times the recommended dose. No bird became ill. Nonetheless, stick to the recommended rate.

Edited by **KAZ**

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Stumbled across this article.


For the past two years, I've been using a Full Spectrum Bulb that does emit UB as well as UA frequencies.



"FeatherBrite 15 watt full spectrum compact spiral fluorescent bulb, 5500k, 91cri, UVA 4%, UVB.05%.


Guaranteed 8000 hours/one year. Standard socket base"

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Eve! That's awesome- thank you for the link. It's what I've been looking for for myself, due to my Seasonal Affective Disorder. Kind of pricey, but some of the ones I've been checking into, I'm not sure if they emit the proper UV waves.


I've gotten some from this website. They say "full spectrum", but since they don't mention UV anywhere, it makes me suspicious that they might not be "true" full spec. http://www.lightbulbsdirect.com/page/001/CTGY/FLFSSpiral5500K

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