Cheek spots are found on the cheeks of the bird. Throat spots are found on the neck of the bird and are sometimes called the necklace. Nearly all varieties are required to have 6 large round throat spots. Some birds will need to have their throat spots despotted which is part of the grooming process and getting ready for a show.
Cheek spots are required to be a certain color. Example: Greys and Greygreens should be grey in color.
Certain varieties such as albinos, lutinos, recessive pieds are exempt